T-shirt producers use many terms to describe their products. The terms are certainly not always consistent and it assists to have a reference guide.
This is the official Green Man T-shirts Help guide to understanding t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Device of measurement that defines the fineness of natural cotton line. A regular spool of solitary-ply natural cotton thread includes 840 yards of cotton thread. When it takes 20 spools to consider one pound, then your line on these spools is known as 20s natural cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then your thread on those spools is called 30s cotton line, or 30/1. If this requires 40 spools to consider one pound, then your line on these spools is called forties natural cotton, or 40/1. The higher number indicates a better thread, and thus a better, softer fabric is produced. T-shirts made from 30s and 40s are much softer, finer, and possess better drape than t-shirts manufactured from 20s. The terms are employed many ways, but it’s the amount that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 single people” are similar. Threads can be twisted with each other into thicker strands. If two 20/1 natural cotton threads were twisted together, it might be called 20/2.
Bamboo Material: Rayon produced from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-created synthetic materials, most professionals concur it is actually readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is incredibly soft and contains excellent drape.
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Bamboo: Fast growing herb, considered a grass, which can be readily refined into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothing.
Chlorine bleach Clean: A procedure that uses chlorine bleach to soften and stress the style of the material being washed.
Boat Neck: An extremely wide neckline that operates throughout the collarbone region for the shoulder joint factors. Gets from earlier sailors’ shirts, where the wide throat empowered quick removing in the event the sailor dropped overboard.
Boy Beater: Women’s fashion answer to the wife beater. A women’s tank top, although it can be any color.
Brushed Natural cotton: A technique to get rid of extra lint and materials from cotton fabric. Brushed natural cotton generally features a very smooth, smooth finish.
Burn off-Out: A process that utilizes sulfuric acidity or some other strong acid to “burn off-out” elements of a fabric knit, often a polyester/cotton mix. This process gives a see-via, very pure effect.
Cover Sleeves: Generally identifies smaller sleeves on women’s clothes.
Co2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound made from two o2 atoms and one carbon atom. Referred to as a “green house” gasoline due to its connection with climatic change. Several t-shirt producers are now calculating and recording the Carbon dioxide pollutants involved with manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Trust: Independent business founded in 2001 in Excellent Britain that monitors carbon dioxide pollutants. The Carbon Have confidence in works together with businesses to help reduce their carbon dioxide footprint, and today certifies companies and merchandise as possessing a “reduced carbon dioxide” or “no carbon” footprint. Several t-t-shirt companies now produce “reduced carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing process that eliminates brief materials and gets rid of dirt and international issue. Carding can be performed by hand or by large machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-only cotton is not really as appealing as combed natural cotton.
Cellulase Clean: Another good name for enzyme clean. This gives material a soft really feel as well as a vintage look, for the way the clean is done.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell wall surfaces of certain vegetation. Valuable in making certain types of fabrics, such as acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is really rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Cheap Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded natural cotton, using 18/1 thread, generally knitted on 20 measure machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have bad drapability. Used often as inexpensive marketing give-aways.
Climate Neutral: A term utilized to explain a company, process, or product that has absolutely no effect on the Earth’s environment. Several t-t-shirt manufacturers promote their company as environment natural.
CO2: Co2. A chemical substance compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon dioxide atom. Referred to as a “greenhouse” gasoline due to its connection with global warming.
Colorfastness: The capability of the garment to resist several washings without having losing its colour.
Combed Natural cotton: A way to remove brief materials as well as organize for a longer time fibers parallel to produce a sleek, fine cotton yarn. Combed cotton has higher strength, outstanding consistency, and much better hand. Combed natural cotton expenses much more and is found in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: An activity that compacts the space between natural cotton fiber pockets. Helps to reduce diminishing.
Contrasting Stitching: Sewing using a different colour compared to the garment. Provides a nice style detail in t-shirts.
Control Union: A global business that offers accreditation solutions for many different programs–including numerous natural certification applications. Certifies USDA Natural, as well as GOTS (Global Natural Fabric Standard).
Natural cotton Jersey: Knitted, really somewhat elastic material using a smooth flat face and a more textured but uniform back. Typical weight for each yard is approximately 5.5 to 6 ounces. Basic t-shirts are made of natural cotton jersey. Fine cotton jersey is normally smoother and has a lighter in weight for each yard.
Cotton: A natural fiber that is the most widely used on earth for fabrics. Natural cotton materials are often ½ to 2 in . long. For a longer time materials create better natural cotton material. Varieties like Pima and Egyptian, which feature fibers exceeding 1.5 in ., tend to be more extremely highly valued than regular types.
Team Throat: A round close-fitted neckline. Most typical throat on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A t-shirt with a brief entire body with it; created to reveal the midriff region.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used mostly on sleeve/bottom hems and describes a parallel row of sewing. This sort of stitching gives durability as well as a cleanser, more finished look.
Drape, Drapability: Identifies the way a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has outstanding drape, whilst a coarse fabric like burlap has hardly any. T-shirts that have good drape qualities really feel better to use.
Drop Tail: A garment that features a for a longer time back than front.
Eco-Friendly: Extremely free term that identifies a product’s “greenness.” Nearly worthless in logically evaluating a product or service. Favorite saying used by eco-friendly washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its long length of fiber. Clothing made with true Egyptian natural cotton is prized for its gentleness and fineness.
Ecological Justice Base: A registered charity established in 2000 to help individuals that suffer most from environmental abuses including pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil devastation. Especially energetic in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A clean procedure using unique digestive enzymes to generate a soft complete and sleek check out a material. Age groups chemical dyes to produce a unique turn to dyed materials. Enzyme washing is actually much less severe around the material when compared with stone cleaning.
European Cut: A design of t-shirt which is narrower compared to what one usually discovers. For example, a complete cut men’s t-shirt, dimension large, usually runs 22 inches over the chest (measured one inch underneath the sleeve). A men’s large European reduce will run about 50 % an inch to 1 ” narrower, sometimes more.
Material Dyed: Fabric dyed before being cut and stitched right into a finished bit of clothes.
Fair Work Connection: A not-for-profit organization dedicated to finishing sweatshop problems in factories worldwide. Functions to develop Program code of Work Methods, especially important in the clothing company in which operating conditions have traditionally been so poor.
Fair Put on Foundation: A worldwide group focused on improving garment workers’ lives all over the world. Works with companies that produce clothing along with other stitched items and that assume responsibilty for supply chain.
Fine Cotton Jersey: Knitted, really slightly elastic fabric with a smooth flat face as well as a much more textured but uniform back. Fine cotton jersey is usually smoother and contains a lighter in weight for each yard than normal natural cotton jersey. T-shirts made with fine natural cotton jersey possess a better drape and feel than normal t-shirts. Generally made with 30s and higher cotton line, and weighs about 4.3 ounces for each square yard.
Installed Reduce: Definitions vary, but generally a installed cut describes a reduce that flatters your body. Utilized frequently in women’s t-shirts, the center section of the t-shirt will be firmer compared to top or base. Overall, the shirts operate narrower compared to a basic complete reduce.
Full Cut: A nice, roomy reduce. In t-shirts, tubular designs are generally considered full-cut, but there are exclusions. Full Reduce differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Thin Slashes, and Installed Slashes.
Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been reduce and stitched right into a completed article of clothing.
Outfit Cleaned: An activity where finished articles of clothes are washed, generally with additional softeners to enhance the feel and appear from the material.
GMO Free: GMO is short for Genetically Altered Organisms. Initially utilized in the 1990s when customers grew to become worried about genetically modified meals. A lot of companies now use the GMO free label on from food to all-natural materials, like cotton.
GOTS: Is short for Global Organic Textile Regular. A task in the Worldwide Working Group. They may have created standards to ensure natural standing of textiles, through the harvesting, production, and marking, in order to supply a reliable assurance towards the end consumer. An natural t-shirt that meets the standards can be GOTS licensed.
Eco-friendly: Generic term used by marketing and advertising gurus to advertise items. An additional preferred term of “green-washers,” who are jumping on the environmental band wagon without the real commitment.
Green-Washing: Explode on the phrase “white-cleaning,” but in an environmental framework. Businesses that green-clean are spending lip-service to environmental issues to bring in much more business, but haven’t used any genuine steps to get ecologically accountable.
Hand: The way a fabric feels to the touch. A material that seems soft and smooth is recognized as to have a good hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been utilized for fabric for hundreds of years, mainly as being an industrial material. Newer processing techniques make it ideal for finer clothes, and now it is found in numerous clothing articles, such as t-shirts. Hemp is valued for the strength and durability.
Henley T-T-shirt: Similar to a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-t-shirt featuring 2 or 3 buttons (sometimes up to 5 control keys are used, but that’s unusual). A Henley can be either short or long sleeved.
Ice cubes Clean: A technique of rock cleaning in which the stones are initially soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate. This technique produces a frosted look to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A type of knit that is certainly really smooth and has a great drape. Interlock knit stitches are firmer, more stretchy than Jersey knit, but less elastic than rib knit. Found in really fine garments.
Jersey Knit: Generally found in t-shirts and is easily the most long lasting of knits. It really is light weight, and has fine vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was known as following the English Tropical island inside the The english language Channel. Fine cotton Jersey identifies Jersey Knit created using fine natural cotton threads such as 30s and forties.
Knit: Defines just how the interlocking loops of yarn that comprise material had been created. There are numerous kinds of knits. Jersey Knit is often found in t-shirts and is regarded as the long lasting of knits. It is actually light bodyweight, and it has fine straight ribs. On the other hand, rib knits have weighty ribs operating down the material, while interlock knits are employed in very fine materials. T-t-shirt collars are usually rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless style t-t-shirt, however, not precisely a tank top. Fundamental t-shirt, just without the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is a lot broader than a regular tank top.
Neck Adhesive tape: A slim strip of material stitched over the seam running throughout the shoulder area and throat region. It covers the seam and appearance a lot better than an exposed stitch. Often referred to as “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek 100: Certification through the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Connection, which guarantees consumers that the apparel they buy is natural and chemical free and presents no danger to their wellness. Underneath the Oeko-Tex regular, clothes should be free from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, along with other harmful chemicals.
Organic Clothing: An expression very loosely used within the outfit industry. It can mean everything from completely natural to as low as 6% natural. Often along with terms like Eco-Friendly, Green, etc. Consumers must check the tags and verify the materials used to determine if some thing is truly natural or otherwise not.
Natural Cotton: Natural cotton grown without having to use pesticides. Licensed organic cotton has become inspected to guarantee it is actually natural.
Natural Garden soil Association: Established in 1946 by a group of farmers, researchers and nutrition experts concerned about the connection among farming practices and plant, pet, human being, and environmental health. The Organic Garden soil Connection pioneered the initial organic specifications in 1967, and certifies farms and businesses that meet these standards.
Overdyed: An activity where formerly dyed garments or materials are dyed having an extra color to produce a unique look.
Overall performance T: Good name for t-shirts produced for athletes and outdoor enthusiasts. Performance Ts are characterized by their breathability, dampness wicking, fast drying out, and smell control capabilities. Numerous overall performance Ts are polyester/natural cotton mixes, or can additionally be completely polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, because of the absorbency and wicking properties, have grown to be known as overall performance t-shirts, although they do not dry as fast as overall performance t-shirts made of completely polyester.
PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Marketed in this way to t-shirt customizers who want to create their very own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A kind of coloring that produces a cleaned out, distressed appear.
Pima Cotton: A cotton created in the U.S. in the early 1900s to contend with Egyptian cotton. It features for a longer time fibers and it is used frequently in fine men’s and women’s shirts. The name Pima arises from the Pima Indians, who assisted using the initially crops of the new natural cotton as it was initially grown inside the U.S.
Pique: A technique of knitting that creates a waffle-kind, fine textured surface. Utilized often in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-created fiber created from artificial polymers. Used widely in apparel, particularly combined with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers to the process of pre-diminishing material before it is actually reduce and stitched. Sometimes it identifies an actual finished outfit that has been preshrunk. Clothing which has been preshrunk decreases less when the purchaser washes it. Preshrunk natural cotton t-shirts will nevertheless reduce a bit, nevertheless, particularly if dried employing a clothing clothes dryer.
Raglan T-T-shirt: Kind of t-t-shirt featuring sleeves that run straight to the collar. Usually sleeves certainly are a contrasting colour through the entire body. Raglan sleeves are broader beneath the arms, and therefore are preferred by wearers who want maximum independence of motion. Baseball t-shirts generally come with a raglan sleeve style.
Rayon: Man-created fiber that utilizes herb cellulose as the main component. Rayon is extremely soft, has excellent drape, and is also very absorbent. Initially developed being a silk alternative.
Rib Knit: Seen as a heavy straight ribs operating down the fabric. Rib knits are usually classified as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This enables you to know the width of the rib when compared to the space among. For example, a 1×1 rib knit or perhaps a 2×2 rib knit means the space between each rib is the same size since the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are two times as wide since the areas in the middle. Rib knit is very stretchy and it is often employed for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Diamond ring Spun: Refers to yarn produced by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The constant spinning produces a much softer feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are significantly much softer to the touch.
Ringer T: A t-t-shirt with colored sleeve groups and matching team neck. Most ringers are white-colored, using the armband sleeves and crew necks in various colours.
Fine sand Clean: Describes using sand whilst cleaning a garment or material to soften and stress it.
Silk Washed: Another phrase for silicone cleaned, which generates a really sleek and smooth complete to material, and in addition affords the material good draping qualities.
Scoop Neck: Broad, carefully curved neckline that varies comprehensive. Preferred in women’s shirts.
Pure Jersey: Really light weight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 ounces per yard. A little stretchier than fine jersey.
Shoulder joint to Shoulder Adhesive tape: A slim strip of material stitched on the seam running throughout the shoulders and throat area. It covers the seam and appearance better than an exposed stitch.
Shrinkage: Usually describes natural cotton apparel and also the amount it can be anticipated to reduce. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but 4-5% shrinkage can still be anticipated.
Side Seamed: Describes shirts with a seam running down at every part under the arm sleeves towards the base hem. Part seamed t-shirts cost more to manufacture.
Silicon Cleaned: Describes using inert silicon inside a cleaning process. Generates a really smooth and smooth finish to fabric, as well as gives the material good draping properties.
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Singlet: another phrase for a men’s tank top.
Slim Reduce: A style of t-t-shirt which is narrower than one normally finds. As an example, a full cut men’s t-shirt, size big, generally operates 22 in . throughout the chest area (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A slim reduce will operate about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, sometimes much more.
Stonewashed: A washing procedure that utilizes lava rocks or occasionally silicon and rubber balls. This method makes fabric softer and gives it an older or distressed look. Sometimes chlorine bleach can be used within this process.
Tank Top: T-Shirt seen as a slim shoulder joint bands and no sleeves. The name originated from the early term for pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not actual “adhesive tape,” but a slim strip of material sewn on the seam operating across the shoulder area and neck area of t-shirts. It addresses the seam and appearance much better than an exposed stitch.
Tubular Style:A style which has no part seams; our bodies from the t-t-shirt is circular and straight. Tubular t-shirts are less costly to produce, and constitute the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No standard description are available for a unisex t-t-shirt, but most of the time a unisex t-shirt consists of lighter in weight, fine cotton jersey, side seamed, and never cut as complete as being a normal men’s t-shirt. The sleeves are not extra brief, like cap sleeves, but are not full elbow measures either. Our bodies duration is generally method/long. However, you will find wide variants in unisex t-shirts, dependant upon the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former You.S.S.R. satellite that grew to become independent in 1991 and is also well known for the natural cotton creation techniques, which include compelled kid labor and ecologically damaging practices. Moral apparel businesses boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nevertheless, a lot of companies don’t treatment and have refused to sign up with inside the boycott because Uzbekistan cotton is cheap.
V -Throat: Inverted triangular kind of neckline. Can be strong or superficial, depending on the style. Generally favored by women, but a superficial design v-throat is well-liked by guys.
Viscose: Usually another good name for rayon, as with viscose rayon.
Weight: Usually indicated oz for each square yard. A 5.5 oz bodyweight cotton fabric means that one square yard will consider 5.5 ounces. Fine jersey cotton materials normally have lighter in weight weight loads, whilst coarser cotton xeprdh have weightier weight loads.
Wife Beater: Derogatory term for any men’s tank top t-shirt. Usually refers to a fundamental white tank top.
Yarn Dyed: Yarn that is certainly dyed before it really is weaved right into a fabric.